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Direct to indirect speech

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Direct to indirect speech

:112:اهلين وسهلين على النوس اللى منورين:as21: Direct to Indirect Speech Commands and Requests In this lesson i will tell you the steps that one should follow to

 
 
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قديم 03-27-2012, 10:36 AM   #1
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افتراضي Direct to indirect speech


Direct to indirect speech 73.gif


:112:اهلين وسهلين على النوس اللى منورين:as21:



Direct to indirect Speech
Commands and Requests
Direct to indirect speech df314.gif


In this lesson i will tell you the steps that one should follow to change commands or requests from Direct speech to indirect speech

What is a command
A command is an order. We use it to ask others to do what we want in bossy way
Example: Stop talking now
الأمر

What uis a request
A request is a way of asking others to do what we want in a nice and friendly way
Pass me the jam please
الطلب

What is Direct / quoted speech
Direct speech is the exact words that someone said; the words are put between quotation marks "---" above the line
Example: "Read the text," said the teacher

What is indirect / reported speech
Reported speech is when we report what someone said. We do not use the exact words
Example: The teacher told us to read the text

How to change commands and requests from Direct to indirect speech

Take the example: "Come to home early," said Sally to Tom

Step 1: Change the reporting verb say to tell, ask, order, or command
Come to home early," said Sally to Tom"
Sally told

Step 2: Add a suitable object, that is, noun or pronoun, to indicate the addressed person
Come to home early," said Sally to Tom"
Sally told Tom

Step 3: Change the verb into a complete infinitive (to + base form of the verb)to report an affirmative command or request
Come to home early," said Sally to Tom"
Sally told Tom to come to home early

Step 4: If you are reporting a negative command or request, change the verb to negative affirmative (not + to + base form of verb) then complete the sentence
Don't come home early," said Sally to Tom"
Sally told Tom not to come home early

Step 5: Change the pronouns, expressions of time and place and demonstratives (this, these). See the table

Direct to indirect speech report.jpg

More Examples
Direct to indirect speech 11e783140.gif

Eat your Food," said Mummy"
Mummy told me to eat my food

Stand up," said Mr. White"
Mr. White ordered her to stand up

Please stand up," said Mr. White"
Mr. White asked her to stand up

Don't talk," said the teacher"
The teacher ordered us not to talk

Please drive more slowly," said Mark to the taxi driver"
Mark asked the taxi driver to drive more slowly

Go to town early tomorrow," said my sister"
My sister told me to go to town early the next day

Practice for you to do
Direct to indirect speech 11e783140.gif

1. Listen to me," said Peter"

2. Don't make a noise," said Lina"

3. Please answer all the questions," said Phillip"

4. Go and look at yourself in the mirror," said Angela to Greg"

5. Take a deep breath," said the doctor to the patient"

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Direct to indirect speech direct

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اووشا غير متواجد حالياً   رد مع اقتباس
 

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الكلمات الدلالية (Tags)
direct, indirect, speech

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*=== (( ما يلفظ من قول إلا لديه رقيب عتيد )) ===*

الرسالة:
الصندوق الماسي الخامس - Massy Version 5
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